How Do Solar Panels Work?

Jul 23, 2023Environment, Solar, Uncategorized0 comments

Unleashing the Power of Solar Cost Savings and Reliability

Solar energy has become a beacon of hope in the pursuit of a sustainable and eco-friendly future. At Expert Solar Sales, we understand the importance of educating our customers about the technology behind solar power. In this blog post, we will demystify the workings of solar panels and shed light on how these incredible devices transform sunlight into clean, renewable energy.

Schedule A Consultation


Understanding the Photovoltaic Effect


Solar Panel Construction


Converting DC to AC: The Inverter


Feeding Excess Energy Back to the Grid

1. Understanding the Photovoltaic Effect

At the heart of every solar panel lies the photovoltaic effect. Photovoltaic (PV) cells, also known as solar cells, are responsible for converting sunlight into electricity. These cells are usually made of semiconductor materials, such as silicon. When sunlight strikes the surface of a solar panel, it excites the electrons in the semiconductor material, causing them to flow, creating an electric current.

2. Solar Panel Construction

Solar panels are constructed using multiple PV cells connected in a specific pattern to form a solar module. These modules, in turn, are combined to create a solar array capable of generating significant electricity. Here’s an overview of the key components of a solar panel:

a. PV Cells: As mentioned earlier, PV cells are the building blocks of solar panels. They are carefully arranged on a backing material, such as glass, to form a panel.

b. Glass Cover: The top layer of a solar panel is a tempered glass cover. This protective layer is essential in shielding the PV cells from external elements while allowing sunlight to pass through unimpeded.

c. Encapsulant Layer: Beneath the glass cover, there is a layer of encapsulant material that holds the PV cells in place, protecting them from moisture and physical damage.

d. Backsheet: The backsheet is a weatherproof layer at the bottom of the panel, providing additional protection and electrical insulation.

e. Frame: The entire assembly is encased in a sturdy aluminum frame that enhances the panel’s structural integrity and facilitates installation.

3. Converting DC to AC: The Inverter

While solar panels generate direct current (DC) electricity, most household appliances and the electrical grid operate on alternating current (AC). To bridge this gap, solar power systems are equipped with inverters. The inverter’s primary function is to convert the DC electricity generated by the solar panels into AC, making it compatible with your home’s electrical system and the grid.

4. Feeding Excess Energy Back to the Grid

During sunny days when your solar panels generate more electricity than your household consumes, the surplus energy can be sent back to the grid. This process, known as net metering or feed-in tariffs, allows you to earn credits or receive compensation for the excess energy, further maximizing your solar investment.

Understanding how solar panels work is an essential step in embracing the benefits of solar energy. As leaders in the solar industry, Expert Solar Sales is committed to empowering our customers with knowledge about renewable energy solutions. By harnessing the photovoltaic effect, solar panels pave the way for a greener, more sustainable future. With the power of the sun at your disposal, you can reduce your carbon footprint, lower your energy bills, and contribute to a cleaner planet. Let us guide you on your solar journey, and together, we can illuminate a brighter tomorrow for generations to come.